Capability of living. A term used to denote the power a new-born child possesses of continuing its independent existence. That stage of fetal development when the life of the unborn child may be continued indefinitely outside the womb by natural or artificial life-supportive systems. The constitutionality of this statutory definition (V.A.M.S. (Mo.), No. 188.015) was upheld in Planned Parenthood of Central Mo. v. Danforth, 428 U.S. 52, 96 S.Ct. 2831, 49 L.Ed.2d 788.
For purposes of abortion regulation, viability is reached when, in the judgment of the attending physician on the particular facts of the case before him, there is a reasonable likelihood of the fetus' sustained survival outside the womb, with or without artificial support. Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. 379, 388, 99 S.Ct. 675, 682, 58 L.Ed.2d 596.
See also viable

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • viability — UK US /ˌvaɪəˈbɪləti/ noun [U] ► the degree of chance that something will succeed: the viability of sth »Her role was to assess the viability of investment options overseas. commercial/economic/financial viability »This year will serve as an… …   Financial and business terms

  • Viability — Vi a*bil i*ty, n. The quality or state of being viable. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) (Law) The capacity of living after birth. Bouvier. [1913 Webster] (b) The capacity of living, or being distributed, over wide geographical limits; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • viability — viability. См. жизнеспособность. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • viability — index feasibility, possibility Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Viability — Viable or viability is the ability of a thing (a living organism, an artificial system, an idea, etc.) to maintain itself or recover its potentialities. Viable or viability may also refer to: Viability (fetal), the ability of a fetus to survive… …   Wikipedia

  • viability — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ continued, future, long term ▪ She is very negative about the long term viability of the project. ▪ commercial, economic, financial, political …   Collocations dictionary

  • viability — noun /ˌvaɪəˈbɪlɪti/ the property of being viable; the ability to live or to succeed Ordinarily these altered organs are sterile, but in some instances a very small quantity of seed is produced, and when testing their viability I succeeded in… …   Wiktionary

  • viability — viable ► ADJECTIVE 1) capable of working successfully; feasible. 2) Biology (of a plant, animal, or cell) capable of surviving or living successfully. DERIVATIVES viability noun viably adverb. ORIGIN French, from vie life …   English terms dictionary

  • viability — noun see viable …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • viability — See viable. * * * …   Universalium